Saffron is the most valuable spice in the world and is well known as ”red gold”.
Iran is the biggest producer of saffron (about 85% of the world’s saffron grown in a year equivalent to 390 tons ).
This is the huge number for the most precious spice in the world! Saffron comes from the purple fields located in the east side of Iran which have dry and cold climate.
The most important cities where saffron comes from are Qaen, Gonabad, Torbat Heydariyeh, Taybad and Khaf. Saffron has been used as a colourfuland major ingredient in most desserts and main Persian foods.
It is also used in perfume and pharmaceutical industry due to its anti-depressant and sedative properties.
Since Iranians believe that saffron is associated with joy and happiness, so they use it in traditional and religious events during the year.