Today Rice is world’s most popular food ingridient which has important role in shaping cultures, economies, and societies during history.The history of rice begins in some ancient river valleys of Asia around 10,000 years ago. The fertile plains of rivers in China and India.The knowledge of rice cultivation gradually moved across Asia, reaching regions such as Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and eventually, Europe. The spread of rice cultivation was not only a result of agricultural migration but also facilitated by trade routes, cultural exchanges, and exploration.China and India are two top rice supplier in the world.
Rice is not just a food item in some Asian countries, It is also a symbol of life and fertility.With the expansion of empires and the development of global trade routes, rice found its way to new lands. Arab traders introduced rice to Africa, while European explorers and colonists brought it to the Americas. The adaptability of rice to various climates contributed to its success as a global crop, ensuring its place in diverse cuisines around the world.
Growing technological advancements in agriculture have significantly increased rice yields. High yielding varieties, improved irrigation systems, and mechanized farming practices have transformed rice cultivation into a highly efficient and productive industry.
Rice has various types, having difeerent characteristics, flavors, and best uses in different culinary foods:
Long Grain Rice
Cooked white rice (1 cup, approximately 195 grams)
Calories: 204 kcal
Carbohydrates: 44.5 g
Dietary Fiber: 0.6 g
Sugars: 0.1 g
Protein: 4.2 g
Fat: 0.4 g
Saturated Fat: 0.1 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.1 g
Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.1 g
Vitamins and Minerals:
Thiamine (B1): 12%
Niacin (B3): 4%
Folate (B9): 2%
Iron: 2% of RDA
The value of Rice production estimated to be around $300 billion USD for 2021-2022 .The total value of rice production can fluctuate from year to year due to changes in production levels, market prices, and other factors.
Packaging for rice available in markets varies depending on the country ,brand and type of market, rRice is usually sold in different types of packing.
Retails : for retail store Rice is provided from 250 gr to 5 K in plastic Bages and sacks. smaller portions to one lilogram are often sold in paper or plastic bags .
Wholesale: For wholesale market from 5k to 25 K , It is used usally jute or woven plastic.
Overall, the diversity of packaging options reflects the diverse preferences and needs of consumers in the rice market.
Rice is an incredibly very important grain with vary uses that extend far beyond just being a tasty dish.
Main Food : For over half the world’s population, rice is the foundation of their diet. It’s eaten steamed, boiled, fried, or fermented in countless variations, forming the base of dishes like paella, risotto, sushi, biryani, and countless others.
Sweet treats: Rice flour is used in desserts like rice pudding, mochi, and sweet rice balls. Glutinous rice is commonly used for these sweet applications due to its sticky texture.
Dishes Ingridient: Rice is a key ingredient in numerous dishes such as sushi in Japanese cuisine, biryani in Indian cuisine, paella in Spanish cuisine, risotto in Italian cuisine, and jollof rice in West African cuisine.
Beverages: Rice plays a role in a range of alcoholic beverages like sake (Japan), rice wine (China), and even certain beers. In some cultures, rice water is also consumed as a beverage.
Noodles: Rice flour is used to make various types of noodles, including rice vermicelli, popular in Southeast Asia, and pad thai noodles from Thailand.
Rice Oil: Extracted from the outer layer of rice grains, rice bran oil is used for cooking and as a base for cosmetics and skincare products due to its high smoke point and beneficial properties.
Desserts: Rice is used to make a variety of sweet dishes and desserts, such as rice pudding, mango sticky rice, and rice cakes sweetened with sugar or flavored with ingredients like coconut milk and spices.
Industrial products: Rice bran oil is used for cooking and industrial applications. Broken rice finds uses in brewing, distilling, and the production of starch and rice flour.
Fuel: Rice straw is used as fuel, especially in rural areas of rice-producing countries.
Building materials: Rice straw and husks can be used in construction materials like roofs, walls, and insulation.
Cosmetics: Rice bran oil and powder are used in some skincare products due to their moisturizing and anti-aging properties.
Crafts: Rice straw and husks are also used to make mats, baskets, and other handicrafts.
some well known foods which are made with rice are :
Chelo Kabab , Zeresh Polo , Boiled or Steamed Rice , Pilaf , Congee or Rice Porridge , Risotto , Biryani , Sushi , Jollof Rice , Jambalaya , Rice Pudding , Mochi , Sweet Rice Balls , Arroz Doce , Rice Noodles , Rice , Paper Rolls and Appam.
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