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There are numerous types of beans, each with its own unique flavor, texture, and culinary uses. Beans are a rich source of plant-based protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making them a popular choice in many cuisines worldwide. Here are some common types of beans:
While technically not a bean, lentils are often grouped with beans due to their similar culinary uses. They come in various colors, including green, brown, red, and black, and are used in soups, stews, and salads.
Kidney beans are large, reddish-brown beans with a slight kidney-like shape. They are commonly used in chili, soups, and salads.
Black beans are small, oval-shaped, and have a deep black color. They are often used in Latin American and Caribbean dishes, such as black bean soup and rice and beans.
Also known as haricot beans, navy beans are small, white, and oval-shaped. They are used in classic dishes like baked beans and soups.
Pinto beans are medium-sized, oval-shaped beans with a pinkish-brown color. They are popular in Mexican and Southwestern cuisine, often used in dishes like refried beans and chili.
Cannellini beans are large, white, kidney-shaped beans commonly used in Italian dishes like minestrone soup and pasta e fagioli.
Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans)
Chickpeas are round, beige legumes and are widely used in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisine, in dishes like hummus, falafel, and chickpea curry.
Adzuki beans are small, red beans often used in Asian sweets, pastes, and desserts. They have a slightly sweet flavor.
Lima beans are creamy white or pale green, and they are commonly used in succotash and mixed vegetable dishes.
Mung beans are small, green, and oval-shaped. They are used in a variety of Asian dishes, including soups, curries, and sprouted for salads.
Cranberry beans, also known as borlotti beans, are medium-sized beans with mottled red or pink specks. They are often used in Italian and Portuguese dishes.
Butter beans are large, flat, and pale yellow or white. They have a buttery texture and are used in casseroles and succotash.
Also known as chickpeas, garbanzo beans are round and beige, commonly used in dishes like hummus, stews, and curries.
Black-eyed peas are small, round, and cream-colored with a black “eye.” They are often enjoyed in Southern American cuisine, especially in dishes like Hoppin’ John.
Yellow Eye Beans
Yellow eye beans are a variety of kidney bean with a creamy texture and a distinct yellow “eye.” They are popular in New England-style baked bean dishes.
These are just a few examples of the many bean varieties available. Each type of bean has its own unique flavor and texture, making them suitable for a wide range of culinary creations, from soups and stews to salads and side dishes.